China travel guide


Harbin Travel Guide

History of Harbin

The modern town of Harbin originated in 1898 from a small village, whit the begin of the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway by Russia.

However, following the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War during 1904 and 1905, the influence of Russia declined, and many thousand nationals from 33 countries including France, Germany, and the United States moved to Harbin.

At that time, 16 countries established consulates and set up many hundred commercial, industrial and banking companies in Harbin. Also, the Chinese established their own businesses in food, brewing and the textile industry.
History of Harbin
In December 1918, in the Russian Civil War, defeated Russian White Guards and refugees retreated to the town: it then became a major centre of White Russian émigrés.

The town became the largest Russian enclave outside Russia.

The Jewish community was formed by Russian Jews and also included a group of German Jews, who fled Nazi Germany in the late 1930s.

The Russians established the Russian school system and published Russian language journals and newspapers.

During 1935, after the sale of the railway to the Japanese, the city of Harbin became part of the Japanese controlled state of Manchukuo. However, after 1946 Harbin came under the control of the Soviet Union, which occupied the region.

With the establishment of the Manchukuo, Japanese troops occupied the city of Harbin during 1932. However, the Soviet Army took the town on 20 August 1945. The city of Harbin never came under the control of the Kuomintang.

The 8 Harbin counties originally formed part of Songhuajiang Prefecture, and became incorporated into Harbin in 1999, making Harbin a sub-provincial town.

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