• During 111 BC, the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Shi An County was established, which could be regarded as the beginning of the town.
• During 314 BC, a small settlement was established along the banks of the Li River.
• During 507 AD, the city was renamed Guizhou. The city of Guilin prospered in the Song and Tang dynasties but remained a county.
The town was also a nexus between the southwest border and the central government, and it was where regular armies were placed to guard that border.
• During 1921, Guilin became one of the headquarters of the Northern Expeditionary Army led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen.
• During 1940, the town acquired its present name and during 1981, this ancient town was listed by the State Council as one of the 4 towns (the other 3 being Suzhou, Hangzhou and Beijing) where the protection of cultural and historical heritage, as well as natural scenery, should be treated as a priority project.
The Nan mountains: Dividing the Yangzi river basin to the north from the Xi river valley to the south, generally have always protected Guangxi province from unwelcome intruders.
During the first invasion here in the 3rd century BC until the 12th century AD, the Han Chinese considered Guangxi an beatiful region inhabited by unruly aboriginal tribes and barbaric.
Nowadays it's officially known as Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region - its largest ethnic minority is comprised of Zhuang people.
Guilin - Capital of Guangxi Province: The construction of the Ling Canal during the 3rd century made it possible for small craft to pass from the Yangzi river to the southward Xi river.
The city of Guilin, named after the scent of the local sweet osmanthus trees, was established in the 1st century on the west bank of the Kuei River, which linked the Ling Canal to the Xi River.