The first known town built at the site of Guangzhou was Panyu, founded in 214 BC. Panyu has been continuously occupied since that time. The city was expanded when it became the capital of the Nanyue Kingdom in 206 BC.
Guangzhou is a civilized ancient town with a history of more 2,200 years, the same ages as the world-renowned ancient cultural town Rome, in Italy. It was the earliest trade port in China that opening to the world, and was the starting port of the 'Silk Road on the Sea' since the Tang and Han Dynasties.
During the Chou Period, 9th century BC, there were some exchanges between people of Chu State and people at Guangzhou, the name 'Chu Ting' originated, which was the earliest name of Guangzhou.
During the thirty-third year of Emperor Qin Shihuang (214 BC), Qin unified Lingnan, Nanhai prefecture "capital was set up at 'Panyu' where it is today" was set up.
In the year of 226, in order to strengthen the rule, Sun Quan decided to divide original Jiaozhou into 2 parts Guangzhou and Jiaozhou, but the name of Guangzhou became known since then.
During 1925, 4 years later when the municipal council was set up in 1921, Guangzhou really means the town today.
Guangzhou also is known as Suicheng (city of Rice Spike) and Yangcheng (city of Ram).
There is a beautiful legend which goes like that, long long ago, there were 5 celestials riding 5 rams with rice spikes in their mouths and gave the rice to the local residents, and then they left behind the 5 rams that afterwards turned into stones.
To its memory, was built a special 5-ram Sculpture in Yuexiu Park. Since the flowers here keep blossoming all the year round, so it was also known as 'Huachang' (City of Flower).
Guangzhou was also a source of modern Chinese revolution. In this land, so several historic events took place, which are Huanghuagang Uprising , Sanyuanli Struggle against British invaders and Guangzhou Commune Uprising.