China travel guide

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China Travel Guide

Threats in China

Threats in China The uncontrolled development of China and the ineffective policies for the care of the environment have devastated the habitats of the native species and have led them at limits of extinction.

The giant panda with a thousand individuals left in the wild has become the symbol of the fight for the preservation of the natural flora and fauna in China and the rest of the world.
Along with the panda there are another species on the brink of extinction like South China tiger (less than 30); crested ibis (around 60) and the Yangtze River dolphin (maybe already extinct).

Other endangered animals are the snow leopard, the Asian elephant, the Yangtze alligator, the golden monkey, and migratory species like the red-crowned crane and black-necked crane. Incalculable number of plants and small animals are also threatened increasingly reduced habitats.

The principal reason of this cruelly damage to the wildlife is the human economic activities.

Intensive farming of ground to produce enough food has diminished the wildland areas and its natural habitat. The use of marshlands for agriculture and the construction of power stations and water conservancy have reduced the freshwater ecosystems. The demand of the huge population has outstripped growth in supply for almost all natural resources, including animal products, timber, and wild plants. The high contamination, a result of the aggressive economic improvement, has injured the environment and has reduced the carrying capacity of water resources. Finally, wildlife is not a principal priority of the Chinese government because it is not considered productive compared with agriculture, energy production, industrial improvement and waste removal.

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