China travel guide


China Travel Guide


Conservation The current reality of China doesn’t allow an effective conservation polity even when have been some progresses in recent decades.

In 1956 the Chinese government created the first protected area, Dinghu Mountain Nature Reserve at Guangdong Province. Since then, numerous reserves were established (today, over two thousand) covering approximately a eighth of the territory.

The Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve, created in 2000 at central area of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, has the biggest concentration of biodiversity of the country and covers an area of 316,000 square km at above 3,000 meters of elevation.

The government entities which have the responsibility of caring for the environment are principally the Ministry of Forestry, the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Environmental Protection Agency and the State Oceanic Administration. Many international organizations have collaborated with these agencies since 1980, when both the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Ministry of Forestry started the giant panda conservation plan.

Other external organizations like the International Fund for Animal Welfare, the Wildlife Conservation Society, International Crane Foundation, Wetlands International, Global Environmental Fund (GEF) and the Ford Foundation have also developed significant conservation programs. China has 28 biosphere reserves listed in the international network of UNESCO. The Chinese MAB Committee aims to increase this number to 100 international recognized reserves. Various worldwide funding agencies provide technical and financial support for conservation in China, such as the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program, and numerous bilateral donors.

As well as a large segment of the Chinese population is causing the environmental destruction, another important sector of citizens has assumed the responsibility of protecting it. They initiated the nationwide campaign to save the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, the first of its kind in China, and currently fight for save other species and natural areas. The strength of China's conservationists, who work as "non-governmental organizations", is having important results but conservation is a large process that requires the permanent cooperation of the people involved and its government to guarantee the preservation of the wildlife.

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