China travel guide


China Travel Guide

Competitions and practitioners

Competitions - Practitioners Competitions
The martial sports are known as “Wushu”. In a competition, all of these fundamental steps have to be demonstrated by the competitor to win. Chinese tradition ponders eight qualities of a performer in a contest: hands, eyes, body technique, steps, strength, spirit, breath, and ability.

Although there are more than 400 different varieties of antique Chinese weapons, there are just around18 standard weapons utilized in Wushu competition.

Often a practitioner can combine two weapons in a fight. Some instances of forms seen in competition are: Broadsword, straight sword, spear, staff, Kwan-sword, double-swords, double straight-swords, double hook-swords, double-ended spear, nine-section whip, rope-dart, chained hammer, 3-sectional staff, 2-sectional staff, daggers and double short-staff.


Chinese Martial Arts have produced many eminent martial art practitioners from the time of the Indian monk Bodhidharma in the early fifth century, until the film stars of today.

The classical practitioners include to: Ng Mui, the daughter of a Ming general who practiced both the Shaolin and Wudang martial arts; Dong Haichuan, the founder of several martial schools in the 19th century; Huo Yuanjia, a Chinese martial artist, hero in China for its challenging foreign fighters in the late 19th century; Wong Fei Hung, the first Chinese superstar of television and films during the early twentieth century; and Wu Chuan-yu and Yang Luchan, teachers of Tai Chi during the last imperial dynasty. All of whom have had a great influence in the culture and society of the country.

Chinese Martial Art have also influenced other places in the world, particularly in the United States, where it has been popular since the 1960's and many television shows and films were produced based on Chinese Martial Arts. Furthermore, in almost all countries there are Chinese Martial Arts training center with an important number of followers.

There are various world-famous martial arts actors including Bruce Lee (1940 - 1973), considered as an icon in the 20th century and the “King of Kungfu” in Western as well as a notable film star; Jackie Chan (B. 1954), a widely known actor for inserting physical comedy into his martial arts performances; and Jet Li (B. 1963), an international super star of martial arts, five times champion of Wushu competitions.

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