China travel guide


China Travel Guide

The Communist era

Communist era The Communist victory in 1949 produced a significant change in the film industry. The first order was curtail the foreign films including Kong Kong’s productions. The following year was formed the Film Guidance committee to control the filmmakers and the studios. By 1953 was shot "Bridge", the first major socialist epic which began the mass production of Communist propaganda within the movies. Other propagandistic films are "White Haired Girl" (1950), "Dragon's Beard Ditch" (1952) and "Lin Zexu" (1959).

The Communist government also promoted the universal culture and language through the films. Mandarin was the unique allowed language for all characters and the audiences grew from 47 million to 600 million in five years. Chinese directors were sent to Russia to study Soviet filmmaking. In 1956, was created the Beijing Film Academy and four years later the first wide-screen film was exhibited. In the 17 years between the beginning of the People's Republic and the Cultural Revolution, around 600 films and 8,000 documentaries were produced.

In 1961, the animated film "Havoc in Heaven" of Wan Laiming won Best Film award in the London International Film Festival. Another good movie of this decade is "Two Stage Sisters" (1965).

During the two decades of the Cultural Revolution, the film productions were severely restricted. Nearly all previous films were banned, and just a few of the new films were exhibited. An exception is the fantastic opera-film "The Red Detachment of Women" (1971).

The end of the horror of the Cultural Revolution allowed new productions, most of them based on the suffered trauma. The best movies are "Evening Rain" (1980), "Legend of the Tianyun Mountains" (1980) and "Hibiscus Town" (1986) of the notable director Xie Jin (1986).

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