China has one of the richest natural lands on the world, but also has huge environmental troubles. The surprising variety of flora and fauna with its wide range of geography and habitats are permanently threatened by the enormous Chinese population added to the industrial explosion, which has already caused a severe damage in the environment and wildlife. Many species like tigers, pandas, elephants and cranes are endangered species because the increasing reduction of its natural habitats.
In the other hand, China is the fourth largest country on earth, and its vast territory can be divided in three big steps that go down from high mountains including the peak of Mount Everest, plateaus, and huge vital basins like Yangtze or Ganges rivers in the west, to a central region of medium mountains and hills, followed by to flat lands and foothills close to the eastern coast like the landscape of Hebei or Zhejiang provinces. Steppes and desserts are in the northwest including the Gobi desert and the Turpan depression. The north central of China have tundra-type vegetation and in the south there are several tropical rainforests.
Practically, each piece of farmland has been developed in China and many others have been created by man, especially in the eastern seaboard of the country, to be able to feed a fifth of the world's population. Each attempt of sustainable development has not been successful by the high extent of the population which leads the resources to their limits. Furthermore, the incredible growth in the national industry, the unstoppable migration of the poor peasants to urban places, coal dust, unprocessed factory emanations and vehicle exhaust have converted the Chinese cities into the most polluted urban areas on Earth with air and water seriously contaminated.
The economical improve of China has impacted directly in the rest of Asian economies and even in the entire world. The production of the country is supported on its abundant coal, which is an inexpensive fuel for meeting constantly increasing power necessities, but Chinese coal also produces the highest levels of greenhouse gas emissions on the world. Uncontrolled use of coal has originated in recent years some risky acid rains near to South Korea. Neighboring countries are suffering the great development of China. People are being exploited and many species are being exterminated to satisfy the Chinese market necessities.
Read more about nature in China
The vast territory of China and its particular geography have created a diversity of forest types. In northern China there are large tracts of coniferous forest...
Grasslands and deserts
Half of the China's territory is occupied by grasslands and deserts. There are productive grasslands at the north and west of China in Inner Mongolia...
Freshwater ecosystems have a vital importance to China, and a great number of the people depend on wetlands for drinking water, flood control and industrial production...
Saltwater lakes and coastal wetlands
Around half of lakes of the country are saline and represents significant breeding grounds for waterfowl. The majority salt lakes are situated in northwestern China...
The uncontrolled development of China and the ineffective policies for the care of the environment have devastated the habitats of the native species and have led them at limits of extinction...
The current reality of China doesn’t allow an effective conservation polity even when have been some progresses in recent decades...