China travel guide

CHINA TRAVEL

YOUR TRAVEL GUIDE TO CHINA
China Travel Guide

China History

China History China is one of the oldest and greatest continuous civilizations in the world's history. China was born approximately 4,000 years ago and despite of suffer a lot of social, political and cultural changes, conserves many of their ancient traditions until this time.

The first relic of the Chinese language is marked in a Turtle shell which dates to around 1500 BC from the legendary Shang Dynasty. Chinese civilization began with some city-states those were built and flourished in the fertile valleys of The Yellow River for hundreds of years. Presumably in 221 BC, China became integrated as a big kingdom under the control of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang.

Successive dynasties ruled progressively larger parts of what is now China. These dynasties developed a government system that allowed the Emperor to have power over the great territory, but with the advice of counselors who were educated men, employed to serve as regime officials based on their skills rather than their family background.

Chinese people had developed by itself their own regional culture, until the European expansion in Asia in the 16th century changed the Chinese history. In the 19th century China had to deal with militarily stronger European powers. In 1911 the dynastic imperialist regime ended tragically and it was the start of decades of civil war.

In 1949 the Chinese Communist Party with its leader Mao Zedong, won the civil war and established China’s present government. The Communists initiated several social and political reforms.

Since 1970s, Chinese Government have reintroduced aspects of a free-market economy and encouraged foreign investment. These significant changes are transforming to China in the first economical power in the world.

Chinese history is summarized as a country alternating between periods of political unity and disunity and sometimes subjugated by foreign nations, most of whom were incorporated into the Han Chinese people. The immigration, expansion, and assimilation that has occurred China's land in its whole history, have been merging to create the magnificent Chinese culture.

Read more articles of History of China

I. Mythology and pre history
According to one of the most famous Chinese legend the creator of the world was Pan Ku, who was born from the egg of chaos...

II. The Qin dynasty
For around five hundred years Qin, the farthest west state of the Zhou located on Shaanxi had gradually been conquering to its neighbors...

III. The Han dynasty
Liu Bang, a minor Qin official who had mobilized armed forces against the Qin regimen, proclaimed himself emperor of Han in 206 BC...

IV. Southern and Northern dynasties
For around four hundred years, China was trapped in a general chaos. After the last Han emperor abdicated, began the short period known as the Three Kingdoms Period...

V. The Sui dynasty
The founder of the Sui dynasty was Yang Jian, who called himself as Emperor Wen. This dynasty lasted only 40 years...

VI. From the Tang dynasty to the Song dynasty
The Tang dynasty marked the beginning of the medieval period of Chinese history in the seventh century. It was an age of prosperity...

VII. The Mongol Yuan dynasty
The Mongols were the first non-Chinese people who dominated the entire China. Since the 11th century, the Mongolian had threatened to assault China...

VIII. The Ming dynasty
Zhu Yuanzhang proclaimed the Ming dynasty and established the capital at Nanjing. Zhu was the first commoner to become emperor in 1,500 years of Chinese history...

IX. The Manchu Qing dynasty
In the early 17th century, Jurchen chief Abahai proclaimed his new rule, renaming his people as the Manchus. He created the bases of a sedentary nation instead of separated nomad tribes...

X. From Republic to Communism
The revolutionary republican ideas of exiled Sun Yatsen had inspired to officials, military officers and students in whole China...

XI. The People's Republic under Mao Zedong
On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong, leader of the Communist Party, proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic of China in Beijing...

XII. China after Mao Zedong
After Mao’s death in 1976 initiated a struggle for power between moderate and radical CPC leaders. Premier Zhou had died the same year in January...


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